Nairobi - Kenya
Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya.
The city and its environs form the Nairobi county.
The name "Nairobi" is derived from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyirobi, which translates to "the place of cool waters".
However, Nairobi is popularly known as the "Green City in the Sun" due to its proximity to the equator, ample rainfall and year round sunshine.
Nairobi is a city of extremes hosting the most modern suburbs and the largest slums in Africa.
The city is located at 1°17'S 36°49'E? / ?1.283°S 36.817°E? / -1.283; 36.817 and occupies 684 square Kilometers
Nairobi is situated between the cities of Kampala and Mombasa.
The Ngong hills, located to the west of the city, are the most prominent geographical feature of the Nairobi Area.
Mount Kenya is situated north of Nairobi and Mount Kilimanjaro is towards the south-east.
Both mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro are visible from Nairobi on a clear day.
Founded in 1899 as a simple rail depot on the railway linking Mombasa to Uganda, the town quickly grew to become the capital of British East Africa in 1907 and eventually the capital of a free Kenyan republic in 1963.
During Kenya's colonial period, the city became a center for the colony's coffee, tea and sisal industry.
Nairobi is also the capital of the Nairobi County.
The city lies on the Nairobi River, in the south of the nation, and has an elevation of 1795 m above sea-level.
Nairobi is the most populous city in East Africa, with a current estimated population of about 3 million.
According to the 1999 Census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 2,143,254 inhabitants lived within 696 km2 (269 sq mi).
Nairobi is currently the 13th largest city in Africa, based on population and fourth largest in infrastructure development and its size.
Nairobi is now one of the most prominent cities in Africa politically and financially.
Home to many companies and organizations, including the United Nations Environment Program and the UN Office in Africa, Nairobi is established as a hub for business and culture.
The Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest in Africa, ranked fourth in terms of trading volume and capable of making 10 million trades a day.
The Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre
At 1,795 Metres (5,889 ft) above sea level, Nairobi enjoys a moderate climate.
Under the Koppen climate classification, Nairobi has a Subtropical Highland climate.
The altitude makes for some chilly evenings, especially in the June/July season when the temperature can drop to 10 °C (50 °F).
The sunniest and warmest part of the year are from December to March, when temperatures average the mid-twenties during the day. The mean maximum temperature for this period is 24 °C (75 °F).There are two rainy seasons but rainfall can be moderate.
The cloudiest part of the year is just after the first rainy season, when, until September, conditions are usually overcast with drizzle.
As Nairobi is situated close to the equator, the differences between the seasons are minimal.
The seasons are referred to as the wet season and dry season.
The timing of sunrise and sunset varies little throughout the year, due to Nairobi's close proximity to the equator.